HENRY VIII 1491 - 1547
Portrait of King Henry VIII - The British Butcher
Henry VIII is best known for his six wives, battle with the Catholic Church, causing him to create a faith of his own, more to his liking, beheadings ("off with his head") at the rate of 4 1/2 victims a day, and the Mary Rose flagship that sank in the English Channel, from being too top heavy to be seaworthy.
Henry Tudor is also known as "the father of the Royal Navy" as he invested heavily in the navy and increased its size from a few to more than 50 ships, and established the Navy Board. Mainly because of war with France.
He also flirted with designing ships personally. His contribution to larger vessels, if any, is unknown, but it is believed that he influenced the design of row-barges and similar galleys. Henry was also responsible for the creation of a permanent navy, with the supporting anchorages and dockyards. Tactically, Henry's reign saw the Navy move away from boarding tactics to employ gunnery instead. The Tudor navy was enlarged up to 50 ships (the Mary Rose among them), and Henry was responsible for the establishment of the "council for marine causes" to oversee the maintenance and operation of the Navy, becoming the basis for the later Admiralty.
Henry inherited a vast fortune and a prosperous economy from his father, who had been frugal. This fortune is estimated at £1,250,000 (the equivalent of £375 million today). By comparison, Henry VIII's reign was a near disaster financially. He augmented the royal treasury by seizing church lands, but his heavy spending and long periods of mismanagement damaged the economy. A pattern adopted by modern Labour and Conservative politicians in the 20th and 21st centuries, leading to climate change and staggering national debts £2.4 Trillion pounds, energy and cost of living crises.
Quarter Debt £billions as % GDP
UK general government gross debt was £2,365.4 billion at the end of Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2022, equivalent to 99.6% of gross domestic product (GDP). Leaving almost no reserves, taking the country to the brink in any language. Where growth is contrary to sustainable or circular economics. Simply because earth is being drained at the rate of 2.4 planets, of the ability of the world to produce. Meaning that, to start to get things under control, borrowing needs to reduce to £985 billion pounds at present GDP. A truly sustainable economy would not need any borrowings, but have reserves rather than debt, as in nature.
politicians have sold their subjects into financial slavery, to support
their promises of growth and overspending.
His daughter, Elizabeth I, eventually became the (virgin) queen, also bending the law, in her pursuit of Spanish gold and the lucrative slave trade.
ABOUT THE ROYALS
The former Prince of Wales, is currently the third King of England, named Charles III. His son in waiting, the Duke of Cambridge, Prince William, is also a potential King to be - as of 2022 as William V, with the British Monarchy under fire since the death of Queen Elizabeth II, the longest reigning British Monarch, who passed aged 95. Especially, concerning the Commonwealth nations, formed mostly to exploit nations, some of which were founded on slave labour, so perpetuating slavery and human trading in suffering and servitude.
The previous King, Charles II, ruled from 1630 until 1685, gave a Royal Charter to export captured native Africans as slaves to British colonies.
Queen Elizabeth I (Good Queen Bess), was famous for commissioning privateers to carry out acts of piracy on the high seas, to boost the coffers of her Treasury. As was Queen Anne 1665 - 1714. King George I carried on with privateers, then politics changed during his reign 1714 to 1727.
TREASURE ISLAND - PIRATES LINKS
Bellamy, Samuel - Black Sam (Captain)
Bonny, Anne - Pirate
Drake, Sir Francis - Privateer
Edward England - Irish pirate, Edward Seegar
Hawkins, John - Privateer
Hornigold, Benjamin - Privateer Captain
Jolly Roger - Pirate flag
Kidd, William - Captain Kidd, privateer/pirate
Pirates - Piracy and Privateers
Pirates of the Caribbean, Disney's film
Rackham, Jack - Calico Jack
Raleigh, Sir Walter - Privateers
Read, Mary - Pirate
Robert, Bartholomew - Black Bart, pirate
Samuel Bellamy - Black Sam, the pirate
Skull and Crossbones - Pirate flag
Vane, Charles - Pirate captain
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